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The Scythian, part 6


Shroud of "Turin" and Simon Magus

Another thread that leads to Edessa as the probable capital of Adiabene during and after Jesus' time is in itself worth investigating. Following Jesus' resurrection—or, for the nonbeliever, disappearance from his tomb—his mother, Mary, takes the cloth he is wrapped in on a journey into history. The "Shroud of Turin," as it is generally known, has generated enough interest to almost rate a field of research of its own. Heated debates continue to this day over the authenticity of this cloth, which begins its journey as the Shroud of Edessa centuries before its "discovery" in 1357 (See also the illustration of Jesus' burial, Pray Codex, National Library, Budapest, Hungary. The shroud, its unusual weaving, and an L-shaped patch near the hands that matches the relic, details recorded in 1192-95, disprove any 14th century “discovery” or manufacture claims). This cloth is known as the Cloth of Edessa, named after the ancient royal capital of Adiabene, where it is held from shortly after the time of Jesus until the year 944. The crucial insight that the Cloth of Edessa and the Shroud of Turin are one and the same was made only recently by Ian Wilson, who published his investigation in The Blood and the Shroud in 1998. His book includes a detailed chronology, and many of the facts below originate from his work.

Eusebius, gives us an account of the early history of the Cloth of Edessa in his work Ecclesiastical History written around 325. He tells how the king of Edessa, Abgar V, hears of Jesus' ministry, and sends Jesus a letter asking him to come and heal him. Eusebius found this letter in the Library of Edessa, and he quotes from it verbatim. He also relates Jesus response, which is that he could not come because he had to complete all that he had been sent to do. Jesus however assures the king that a disciple will be sent to the king, after his (Jesus') death, to bring about his healing. According to Eusebius, the public records at Edessa identify that disciple as Thaddeus, one of the “seventy, who began in the power of God to cure every disease and weakness, to the astonishment of everyone.” Eusebius does not mention a cloth bearing the image of Jesus, but other early traditions recount how such a cloth is brought to the king of Edessa to heal him. Grant Jeffrey, in Jesus: The Great Debate, notes, “History reveals that this city became a stronghold of the early Christian Church in the centuries following Abgar.” There are numerous ancient church paintings and even images on coins that depict the face of Jesus on a cloth being displayed in ancient Edessa.”

So how does the cloth Jesus was wrapped in get to Edessa? According to early traditions, it is brought there by Thaddeus, a probability supported by paintings, and images on coins depicting Jesus' face on a cloth, of that era. We also know from the Christian priests' breviary that Thaddeus and his brother, Simon the Canaanite meet in Persia. However, since Persia does not exist in the days of the apostles, the gospels correct this mistake by redefining this meeting place as the land of:

"Parthians and Medes and Elamites, and inhabitants of Mesopotamia..." (Acts 2:9-10).

An extensive examination of such works as those undertaken by Western researches published under the title The Kingdom of Adiabene and Hatra and others, lead us to hypothesize that Mary, Jesus' mother takes the shroud first to Hatra, a Parthian city where a huge church of the Magi Faith, had been erected, and that it is from here that she takes it to Edessa, accompanied by Mary Magdala, Simon the Canaanite and his brother, Thaddeus. Therefore, it is very likely that King Abgar considers the delegation fulfillment of Jesus' earlier promise to send his disciple to heal him. Further, the sight of the shroud may have convinced him of Jesus' divinity. In any case, it seems important to look into the identity of an oft-mentioned yet mysterious member of this delegation, Simon the Canaanite.

It is an understatement to say that the Simons associated with accounts about Jesus are difficult to identify and follow. We know of at least four Simons: One is the father of the Jewish infiltrator, Judas. Another is Lazarus' father. Still another is Jonah's son, the disciple Jesus named Peter, the "rock" upon which the Church of the Jesus Faith he is to found. Finally there is Thaddeus' brother, Simon the Canaanite. Considering Jesus' foresight, wisdom and good common sense, it is understandable that if he has two Simons, he would have to rename them to differentiate one from the other. And what better way to do so than by calling them according to their future assignments, or “callings”? We already know that Simon Peter's calling is to found Jesus' Church. So that leaves the assignment of Simon the Canaanite to determine. And here, the waters really get muddy.

In Acts 8, the "holy" scriptures give quite a confusing account of the activities of a certain Simon. Of significance is that, according to these scriptures, this Simon is practicing what the Acts call "demonic magic" during the time Rabbi Saul is conducting his house-to-house search for Jesus' following:

"Saul began ravaging the church, entering house after house, and dragging off men and women, he would put them in prison" (8:3).

Also, it is this same Simon, who "astonished the Samaritans with his demonic wizardry," and after linking up with the apostle Philip, "Samaria had taken in God's verb." Luke also mentions Simon as the one they call Zealot. This word, zealot, is explained as meaning spirited. However, “zealot” and “demonic magic” are represented in the Acts by the same symbol, which also means magus. And here, we reach a chapter in the history of Christianity that could fill a library, a collection of studies under the title Simon Magus. But we have more than just historical documentation: we have a whole series of legends that accompany this mysterious person. Reading the Acts, we cannot help but ask, what exactly does this Simon do to "astonish the Samaritans"? What supernatural powers does his "astonished" audience see in him? How does he benefit from his supposed "practice of demonic magic?" Is he a follower of Jesus, or is he a hypocrite or deceiver? What precipitates Peter's and John's success, upon their arrival, in distributing the Holy Spirit simply by "touch of hand"? And why is John a quiet and reserved observer during his encounter with Simon Magus?

It is impossible to come to any logical conclusion from this deranged account of events. So, the next step is to look up Eusebius' account:

"Simon instituted the greatest heresy, and his followers, just as Morcion, too, rejected the Old Testament which they consider writings from the realm of evil" (Hist. II, 13. 1-8).

Yet, according to Justin:

"All of Samaria practices the teachings of Simon about Jesus" (Apol. 1:6).

According to these accounts, the Jews call Simon a heretic, while Simon teaches the Samaritans about Jesus and his followers call the Jews' Old Testament “writings from the realm of evil.” So where do we go from here? Fortunately, we get a break in the Dictionary of Christian Biography (IV. 1887. p. 681-688), referencing George Salomon, in the Chapter, Simon Magus. Here, he tells us that the discussion between Peter and Simon related in the Acts of the Apostles is actually a debate between Peter and Paul. Therefore, George Salmon identifies the man the Acts call Simon Magus as Paul. And this is where the cat gets out of the bag. It now becomes crystal clear why Rabbi Saul changes his name to Paul, rather than some other name, to pass himself off as Jesus' apostle. Jesus gives Simon the Canaanite the name “Pal” (Pál, Hungarian for Paul), a word that defines his calling. This word is a Sumerian symbol (the arrow) used to denote "calling" in reference to the symbol it traverses. This symbol can be found in the dictionaries of Deimel and Labat (9). Here is a 3rd millennium BC representation of this compound symbol. 


The symbol the arrow traverses is that of the Holy Trinity and, combined, the two symbols mean "advocate, teacher, guardian of the Holy Trinity." This is the assignment (calling) Jesus gives Simon the Canaanite in their common native Aramaic language. His job is to advocate, protect, guard the Holy Trinity.

It is also clear that Rabbi Saul finds it important to spare no effort to establish the memory of Simon the Canaanite as the "demonic Simon Magus." It is vital to Saul's success as an impostor to permanently detach Simon from the name Pal. And to a great extent, he succeeds. Roman Orthodoxy destroys all the evidence of Simon's “Pal” name it can find, evidence that could undermine Saul's appropriation of that name. Henceforth, Saul can pass himself off as Pal, Jesus' apostle by parroting off selected bits and pieces of information he had extracted from Jesus' captured following and from his informant (and possibly, brother) in Jesus' circle, Judas. In substance, his identity-theft is a repeat of Jacob's appropriation of the name Izrael to run a scam.

How Saul came to know about Simon's “Pal” name remains a mystery. Conceivable theories source this information from Judas who most likely knew, or from Jesus' followers who broke under torture. What is self-evident, is that he does not choose just any name: he specifically takes on the name Pal, English Paul, and thus becomes the founder of the new Jewish sect, an instrument of subjugation of Gentiles called Roman Christianity, all "in Jesus' name."

Rabi Saul's claim that he became a convert when Jesus appeared to him in a vision is as incredible to Peter as it is to the thinking man today. Put bluntly, the disciple Jesus entrusted with founding his Church calls the rabbi elevated to sainthood by Judeo-Christianity (Saint Paul) a liar to his face:

"If, then, our Jesus appeared to you [Saul] in a vision, made Himself known to you, and spoke to you, it was as one who is enraged with an adversary; and this is the reason why it was through visions and dreams, or through revelations that were from without, that He spoke to you."

"But can any one be rendered fit for instruction through apparitions? And if you will say, 'It is possible,' then I ask, 'Why did our teacher abide and discourse a whole year to those who were awake?' And how are we to believe your word, when you tell us that He appeared to you? And how did He appear to you, when you entertain opinions contrary to His teaching?"

"But if you were seen and taught by Him, and became His apostle for a single hour, proclaim His utterances, interpret His sayings, love His apostles, contend not with me who companied with Him. For in direct opposition to me, who am a firm rock, the foundation of the Church, you now stand. If you were not opposed to me, you would not accuse me, and revile the truth proclaimed by me, in order that I may not be believed when I state what I myself have heard with my own ears from the Lord, as if I were evidently a person that was condemned and in bad repute."

"But if you say that I am condemned, you bring an accusation against God, who revealed the [divine wisdom] Jesus to me, and you inveigh against Him who pronounced me blessed on account of the revelation. But if, indeed, you really wish to work in the cause of truth, learn first of all from us what we have learned from Him." (Peter's reply to Saul, Clementine Homilies, Pseudo-Clemens, 17:19).

Peter's reply not only reveals his disbelief of Saul's fabrications but also says a lot about Peter. It is self-evident that this articulate man possesses a much higher education and level of thinking than would be expected of a simple fisherman, as propagated by Judeo-Christianity. And when combined with the organizational and administrative skills needed to found Jesus' first Church, in Antioch (Acts 11:26)—and later, Babylon (1 Peter 5:13)—it is more than probable that he was not only an intellectual but also a magus himself (Antioch had been under Roman control since 64 BC as a “civitas libera” [“free city” in northern Canaan, today's Turkey, near the Syrian border] inhabited by Greek-speaking non-Semitic people, followers of the Milki-Ilu (Melchizedek) faith. The people of Antioch receive Peter with open arms as Jesus' ambassador, but oust Rabbi Saul when he tries to spin his web of deceit there. Despite good evidence of Peter's burial in Antioch, the Church is still looking for him in Rome, hoping to find some evidence to prop up its untenable dogma. But so far, nothing has been found to link Peter to Rome or to Judeo-Christianity).

During our investigation, we have also discovered the theological meaning of the Pal-ian calling (his “call sign” if we like) as the advocate, guardian of the Holy Trinity. We now understand Simon the Canaanite's works Roman Orthodoxy attributes to Simon Magus: his teaching the Samaritans about the Holy Spirit and his followers' sourcing the Jews' Old Testament from the "realm of evil." Moreover, we can also see logic in Jesus' choice in sending Simon, advocate of the Holy Trinity, to accompany the Holy Spirit incarnate, Mary, Jesus' mother, to King Abgar. Everyone, and Abgar, personally, realizes that Mary's sacred touch produces miracles such as the healing of the sick. History tells us that the incurable Abgar lives another twenty some years after Mary's visit to a ripe age of 75.

We have no reliable information on the physical appearances of Jesus as an adult, Mary, her parents or any member of the Adiabene royal family—other than Jesus' (much-debated) image on the Shroud of Edessa (Turin). The closest we can find are statues (in Hatra) of Jesus as a child (raised right hand broken), Adiabene's king, Sanaturk (91-109 AD) and his wife (both from Girschman), the succession since Abgar V (“The Great,” 13-50) being his son, Marina V (50-57), Marina VI (57-71), and Abgar VI (71-91). (The name Marina is read [by Badiny] Ma-Ri-Na, literally, “Man of the Mother Goddess” from Gutschmidt, 1876.) Nevertheless, these statues—physical appearance, dress, the royal crown, the princess' headgear, and hand sign—provide clues of their physiques, traditions and beliefs. Of significance are the trousers—as opposed to robes, the customary garment of other cultures—worn by both the child Jesus and the king, the Turul (falcon) on the king's crown and the sun halo around both Jesus' head and the “Son of Light,” in the princess' head ornament. The raised hand is a greeting sign of openness (the lines of the palm are believed to reveal ancestry, character and destiny). This custom is still practiced in some isolated Magyar villages when adolescents meet their dates. Later, the young man proposes by showing both his palms. The girl then “reads his lines” and, if she accepts him, covers his palms with hers. 






Matters of faith 

The aim of this study was to introduce the historical Scythian, Jesus. Its purpose is to give students of the Kus people's En-Lil incarnate, the Parthian Magi's Son of God, the Scythians' Son of Light, Mary Magdala's Light of the World, the Judeans' Holy Man, generally known as Izzu, divine wisdom, Jesus, who refers to himself as Light, a stable footing as they reach out to the limits of cognition and beyond, into their innermost selves, in search of their Creator, the source of self-awareness, their calling and their prospects after earthly life. It is hoped that portrayal of the historical setting and cultures of Jesus' time will help the reader gain the perspective he needs to understand the context in which Jesus spoke. What the study does not address are the diverse theological interpretations and explanations of Jesus' teachings advocated by various organized religions. An overview of two relevant, diametrically opposed cultures, however, seems useful, here, as it reveals the background of Jesus' message to humanity, then and now.

According to the wisdom of Jesus' Scythian ancestors, Man's earthly life is but a stage of an existence that stretches beyond the material world. They reason that if Man's destiny were biological death, he would have neither need nor use for either the intellectual capacity to contemplate life after death or for his awareness of such capacity. They conclude that, since Man is aware of his interest in this subject and of his capacity to entertain it, his existence does not end with his earthly life. He realizes that he is born ignorant of his Creator and the purpose of his life on Earth but with a superior intellect thirsting for such knowledge. He tries to quench his thirst by seeking his Creator to obtain guidance to Man's role in the Universe.

However, the same intellect that drives Man to seek that knowledge also leads him to conclude that he cannot even imagine the spiritual being called God he is trying to contact. If he tries to imagine his Creator, he fails because the mental faculty he is applying—imagination—cannot produce an image of God. He realizes that everything Man imagines derives from his sensory experience with just one aspect of reality, the accessible (to him) physical Universe. And if a phenomenon cannot be experienced through the senses, then it cannot be imagined. Therefore, if God is such a phenomenon, then Man's attempt to picture God is bound to fail (Whether reality extends beyond the physical Universe is, of course, open to debate. But so far, nothing in our sphere of knowledge suggests that it is limited to our world, a truth paraphrased: “absence of proof is not proof of absence”).

So how did Jesus' ancestors hope to get answers from an entity they could not even imagine? The magi's answer is: by using the right tool for the job. Imagination is but one of Man's mental faculties, they explain. He also has the ability to reason. Although he cannot paint a picture of God, he can learn much about his Maker using deductive reasoning. But for that, he must return to his point of departure and start out on the right track. He begins by asking a fundamental question about what he does know: Does his physical Universe have the ability to self-create? Since not even the most adventurous thinkers have been able to prove such ability, he concludes that it does not (Even today, so-called Self-Creation of Cosmology [SCC] theories turn out to be merely transformation theories: they fail to show physical phenomena emerging from the absence of physical phenomena). And if the physical Universe cannot be its own cause, then it must be the effect of an active cause which, for whatever reason, Man cannot explain. Therefore, rather than contradict logic, a phenomenon in action beyond human comprehension is the only logical explanation for the existence of everything he does know.

Here, he has already made headway in his search for his Creator. Although he still knows nothing about God's nature, he is able to infer an energy acting on his known Universe. Next, he observes cosmic manifestations, infers the activities and functions of this creative energy from his observations, and applies the new knowledge to enhance his understanding of his Creator's nature.

During the millennia that cover the Sumerian culture, human migrations bring new beliefs and novel interpretations of divinity. Each subculture has its own notions about the Creator, an observation paraphrased, “as are people, so are their gods.” Some find God in nature; some put human faces on their Creator; some see the Almighty in cosmic manifestations exhibiting human attributes; and some believe in an extra-terrestrial race of gods and demigods. Although some do not believe in existence beyond the physical Universe, most cultures include belief in a being beyond Man's mental reach, an energy inferred from cause-effect logic. Beliefs about existence after death range from progressive spiritual growth until the soul returns to its source, the Creator, to enjoyment of rewards earned during earthly life or torment by evil spirits as punishment for “sins.” These beliefs then motivate Man to live according a given set of principles to improve his prospects in another realm after he dies.

To people of the Light, God is all of reality, existence itself, a unique, benevolent energy-complex—physical energy, physics; life energy, biology; and mental energy, consciousness—accessible to Man through direct contact with the divine presence in him, his soul. They believe that the product of supreme intelligence and knowledge of the complete reality (Truth) is divine wisdom, which radiates into and within Man as benevolence. According to their faith, God is inferred from three distinct divine activities: Creation, the maintenance of existence, and the creation of life. Further, God is inferred from three divine functions that affect humans specifically—and in the material world, exclusively—as the distributor and caretaker of the soul in created entities; giver of eternal life who looks after Man's spiritual existence; and the source of eternal soul. These three functions are carried out by one and the same entity playing different roles simultaneously. The magi refer to God according to the divine function, or role, they want to convey, names to which Man can relate; hence, Light (Father, Truth, Sun), Mother of Light (Virgin Mother, Queen of Heaven, Mary, Morning Light), and Son of Light (Son, Divine Wisdom, Bread of Life) (A suggestion in this study to help understand the relationship between these three roles is to think of Light as the sun, Mother of Light as the warmth of the sun, and Son of Light as sunshine. This analogy in not claimed to be sourced from the magi, though they symbolize God by the sun). When the magi want to convey all three divine functions, they call God Holy Trinity of Light. They also believe God can take on any physical form, including incarnation and all forms of energy, anytime, anywhere, in any number.

However, not all gods are revelations of Man's sincere search for his Creator. We know of at least two man-made gods, both fabricated by migrant Hebrew tribes: One is Ea, who supposedly exercises his divine powers exclusively through his earthly priest-king “deputy” (Semitic Babylon). The other, the god of the Jews, Yahweh, is the fabrication of a group of influential Babylonian Hebrews who believe that all notions about a supernatural being are mere superstitions, but that they can exploit Man's desire to seek his Creator to their advantage. Consequently, Judaism is an ideology, not a religion—though the vast majority of practicing Jews does not know it. These atheist demagogues design—and redesign, as needed—a butcher-god for all to fear, a vengeful immortal tyrant who retaliates against mortal people with imaginative savagery if they dare to disobey the orders he supposedly issues to the demagogue to interpret and execute. This fabricated “jealous god” specifically forbids Man's search for the truth and knowledge of right and wrong, and thereby guarantees the demagogue not only absolute power as “God's exclusive earthly executive,” but also unchallenged authority in matters of morality. These demagogues take advantage of ordinary Hebrews' difficulty with matters of spirituality by exploiting their vulnerability: ignorance of extra-cultural thinking about divinity. They use the power of deception to displace Man's notions about his Creator, if any, replace them with their selfish ideologies, and invest in perpetual disinformation to counter his natural tendency to seek the truth. Once a sufficient number of Hebrews are converted to the new ideology, “religion” becomes a weapon to assert the demagogue's power within the group and to subjugate or exterminate other peoples using his terrorized victims as executors of evil deeds, doings he then masquerades as righteous acts “ordered by God.”

When adherents to such religions, doctrines enshrined in “writings from the realm of evil," as Simon the Canaanite's followers put it, invade a culture based on peaceful coexistence, then tolerance for the aggressor's right to practice his “religion” becomes a moral dilemma for the people under attack. On the one hand, they feel morally justified to protect their culture with as much force as needed. On the other, their morality frowns on intolerance. So they have to choose: They can either ignore the principle of tolerance their faith is founded upon and, de facto, practice their aggressor's “religion,” or remain loyal to the principles of their faith and be overrun by the aggressor, in which case their culture, principles and all, will be wiped out, along with its leaders, and replaced by that of the aggressor.

That such a choice is difficult for the leadership of a tolerant society is an understatement. The leader tries to resolve his moral dilemma by comparing the aggression to a home invasion. He comes to the conclusion that the first responsibility of the head of a household is his family's welfare. Consequently, he is not only authorized but required to repel an invader using all means at his disposal. However, his reasoning alone does not lead to timely decisions if the invasion is subtle and gradual. In the absence of a trigger, he can neither identify the point where intervention is morally justified—and required—nor decide on the degree of force to use. Should a homeowner chase a perpetrator beyond the front door? Should he launch preemptive strikes to foil an impending attack, punitive measures to discourage an aggressor from future attempts, or preventive campaigns to eliminate a threat? So what is the leader of a tolerant, peaceful society to do? Unfortunately, reason alone does not generate answers to such questions: Decisions of this nature need guidance from another source.

5000-year-old Sumerian tablets mention an earlier event, God giving Man the Tree of Knowledge. Magus-kings seek answers to difficult questions by regularly eating the fruit of this Tree, though we no longer know what this means in practical terms. Available information suggests that they “read” the cosmos and, during altered states of consciousness induced through meditation, seek knowledge of the divine plan for humanity, which they believe is mapped out in the stars, a relationship Jesus teaches in the Lord's Prayer (“on Earth as it is in Heaven”). All the king has to do is to solemnly resolve to reign in accordance with the divine plan his conscience dictates, despite any lobbying, and to accept in advance that his decision will be under divine guidance and that it is (not will be) right. For people of the Jesus Faith specifically, there is a bit more help in this regard. One is Jesus' encouragement—mentioned above—to not worry about what to say—or by extension, decide—because, in the believer's hour of need, the Holy Spirit will direct his thoughts. The other is a practical example to help shed the fog of doubt: Jesus teaches neighborly love, yet scourges the money-changers and peddlers of sacrificial animals. However, he remains focused on his mission, and does not let this incident divert him from his cause. He shows Man to seek, find and understand the subtle difference between being principled and being rigid. This is the wisdom leaders faced with such moral dilemmas try to develop and adopt. They commit to tolerate and respect beliefs founded on reciprocal tolerance and respect, but do not let dogmatic rigidity limit their choices to pacific capitulation and abdication of their responsibility to their fold. They feel that the principles their faith is founded upon would be useless to generations that do not even know they exist.

However, they also feel that wars are not the solution to every religious incompatibility. They note that throughout history, people of different faiths have lived peacefully side by side for centuries by discovering the advantages of cooperative coexistence founded on common interests. Peacefully, that is, until an outside agitator turns neighbor against neighbor to advance its own political agenda. The methods such agitators use vary from selective rewards to contracted aggression to spark hatred. But their method of choice is deception: They launch massive disinformation campaigns—pointing out and exaggerating differences to seed alienation, fabricating and inflating reports of both unearned rewards to fuel envy and unjust punishments to arouse self-sustaining vengeance, and various divisive schemes effected by relentless repetition of lies—to create conflict between neighbors (This method, the use of deception to manipulate Man to kill his brother has survived to this day and is enshrined in the Mossad's [Israeli Intelligence] motto: "By way of deception, thou shalt do war"). So the leaders of tolerant societies try to avoid wars by encouraging people to seek the truth in the hope that their search will expose deliberate deception and thereby help maintain peace between different religions.

But Man proves to be too naïve and lax. Alien Semitic tribes, whether seeking economic refuge or deported from neighboring regions are welcomed by the Sumerian community where they are granted freedom to live according to their own customs while they adjust to their hosts' culture. However, the Hebrews, rather than adjust to their new cultural environment, infiltrate the highest levels of society and begin to spread their ideologies of materialism, greed, hatred and vengeance within their hosts' culture. In time, these human weaknesses—primitive survival instincts which had outlived their usefulness in spiritually affluent societies—resurface and start to tear nations apart. The introduction of this alien culture eventually replaces the ancient value system based on humanity's divine origin, and reduces Man to a slave of ignorance and primitive instincts. The end of the 3rd millennium BC (Sargon's Semitic hegemony) marks the beginning of the Near East's spiritual and moral decline.

The new ideology turns to hegemony throughout the region and beyond after massive waves of Hebrew tribes start pouring into Sumer and take over the economic and political spheres. Their king, Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC), legalizes religious ritual prostitution (rape), cruelty and genocide; experiments with novel methods to execute the disobedient; and introduces the concept of land ownership that turns free peasants into slaves. Abortion becomes generalized when religious rapes result in pregnancies which, despite severe penalties for aborting the issue of a religious ritual, the victims terminate by ridding themselves of the seeds of future parasites their assailants had implanted by force. The Hebrews boast about their cruelty and genocide—and memorialize their deeds on the reliefs on their palace—when their usurper ruler, Tukulti-apal-esar, Tiglitpilesar (New Assyrian Age), “erects mountains of human heads.” Before Hammurabi's laws, all land “belonged” to God, administered by the king to the benefit of the people for whose welfare the king had to answer to God. Hammurabi “evicts” God and declares himself “proprietor” of the country. Laws require farmers to maintain the irrigation system or get driven off the land. To pay for the work, the farmer has to take out a loan at obscene interest rates and, when he cannot repay it, the Hebrew money-lenders take possession of the land and soon appear on the scene as rich landowners, while the farmer, the victim of the usury scheme, has to sell himself (or members of his family) to the money-lander as repayment of the loan.

Whereas Man has always fought his neighbor for land and its resources, and often had to support the elite of his society, the Hebrew ideology of enslavement changes the mandate of human conflict, though the average man does not know it. His combative nature, an instinct to assure his survival, is re-channeled from assuring the survival of his family, clan, tribe or nation to securing sustenance for an alien people. Unwittingly, Man is no longer fighting to feed his family or to defend his beliefs and way of life: He is now fighting to bring about his own demise. Wars become a means to eliminate or subjugate nations that refuse to host the parasitic people. The Canaanites have all but disappeared; and Celts, as well as a vast number of isolated peoples east of the Carpathians have all become (political) minorities in their own homelands. The Kürts (Kurds) live homeless on the borders of five different countries, and the once influential Armenians have been squeezed into a space the size of a principality. “Christian” Hungary's history is a trail of tears a thousand years long: Ever since her people were forced to deny the Light and kneel before the foreign god (or die), they have suffered the assassinations of their kings, killings of their magi, rape of their culture, genocide and foreign occupation as their homeland is slowly morseled out among worshipers of materialism on the altar of the god of darkness.

Having lost their strength in numbers and unifying national identities, the politically enslaved became easy victims of paralyzing stings that turn them into spiritual slaves as well. (Here, we need to insert a sidebar to address the difference between political slavery and spiritual slavery. In John 8, Jesus tells the Jews: “the Truth will make you free.” The Jews, in apparent ignorance of the concept of spiritual freedom, claim they are not “enslaved to anyone” [32-33]. They fail to understand that Man is born spiritually free, but looses that freedom it he falls victim of deceit, false information that grows into false beliefs, delusions of the righteousness of principles founded on lies. Political slaves are their masters' involuntary providers of material wealth: Spiritual slaves are their masters' voluntary providers of power.) Prolonged political enslavement erodes a people's culture, and replaces its beliefs with ideologies that serve the interests of the controlling regime (spiritual enslavement). The erosion begins when a people's teachers fall under the sword, the fire, the rope and modern killing machines, and the sources of knowledge, the ancient scriptures that speak of Truth, which the magi have safeguarded with their lives for the benefit of future generations, are destroyed. Deprived of such guidance and knowledge, the enslaved fail to recognize their master's “god” as a self-serving liar (“Your father... is a liar and the father of lies” [John 8:44]), and his immoral deeds, doings he claims to be executions of “divine orders,” as nothing more than circular self-incrimination, a finger pointing back at him because his god is nothing more than the figment of his imagination, a non-entity he had invented to “justify” his selfish deeds. For a thousand years, Hungarian children, for example, have been taught that their religious patriarch, Saint Stephen, gave their "barbarian idol-worshiping pagan" ancestors “civilized Christianity.” Today, few of them know that their so-called “pagan” beliefs originate directly from Jesus' mouth relayed personally by Peter, a faith they brought with them from Jesus' and Mary's Parthia and Peter's Antioch and Babylon. And few of them know what atrocities Rabbi Saul's “Holy” Church committed during Saint Stephen's reign (and beyond), or how "civilized" was the fire that roasted alive their intellectuals—scientists, teachers, midwives, pharmacists, healers, the magi and the Táltos—at the stake. They proudly recite the names of the saints the Árpád Dynasty had contributed to Roman Catholicism, not realizing that such royal saints as Margit and Kinga were coerced into celibacy precisely because they would be thus removed from Árpád's royal gene pool, which had safeguarded the Parthian-Scythian-Magi-Jesus Faith for a thousand years. Nor do they know that, shortly after their historians record and illustrate, with minute precision, Jesus' burial in the annals of their history (1192-1195 Pray Codex, National Library, Budapest), the Roman Catholic bishop, Calanus poisons their young king (Béla III 1172-1196): Albericus, a Cistertian (also spelled Cistercian) monk writes in his Chronicle of the World: “Béla, the King of Hungary, died as he was taking communion and there is suspicion that he was poisoned by Calanus, the Bishop of Pécs.” László Botos' research supports Albericus' suspicion: “[Bishop] Calanus was famous for his ability to mix poisons and it is alleged that he killed the King with a holy host laced with poison” (the above from László Botos, The Assassinations of the Kings of Hungary, Selected Studies in Hungarian History, 2008, p.168). Deprived of their ancestors' wisdom, Hungarians continue to bow their heads to this assassin's god, and endure the terror of the Caiaphas inheritance.

Elsewhere in Europe, the extermination of Jesus' “pagan” following takes a different route. Unlike their Hungarian counterparts, Western European kings escape religious assassinations by zealously executing Church orders (formalized in 1179 at the III Leteran Council: “All witches shall be burned at the stake.”). While the Hungarian king, Kálmán (“the book-lover,” 1095-1116) tells church dignitaries, “Don't even mention witches, because they do not exist”—and is later poisoned—Heinrich III (Germany), trying to outdo Robert II (France)—who, himself, has 13 “heretics” burned at the stake in Orleans in 1017—orders 24 “witches” to be burned at the stake in Golssar in 1051 (Radics, Géza, 2008).

Royalty, nobility or peasantry, Gentiles are trapped in webs of deceit everywhere. Since they have no one to tell them they have been snared but that everything they need to extricate themselves is within them, they continue to compete for a greater share of wealth and power their master distributes among his slaves, rather than ask their Creator for wisdom to distinguish between right and wrong, and realize that what they call their “free will” is but an alien ideology planted in their minds. “Indenture yourself to me,” sayeth the lords of establishment, enticing the talented: “True, you will be a servant, but to serve such master as I is glory in itself; and in exchange for you bowing before me, thousands will bow before you. You will have no chores other than to torment these thousands according your talent; and from this light work you will become rich.” And so, Man, God's highest creation, “Man, whom God created in his own image, Man who should be looking into the sun, instead looks into the dust, as though looking for worms, so he may learn from them how to crawl” (Quoted lines are from Petőfi, Sándor, Az apostol, 1848, paraphrased in free translation). He abdicates his free will every time he solicits or accepts his masters' bribery and carries out their evil deeds in the hope that the material wealth and power they offer in exchange for his freedom will assure his happiness during that cosmic blink of an eye he calls lifetime. And he will remain enslaved for as long as he invests not in his eternal self, but in the temporary materialistic world his masters provide.

These are the cultures around Jesus' time and beyond. Those guardians of the Jesus Faith who escape death live in hiding to safeguard what wisdom and knowledge they can recover from archaeological digs, historical records, linguistic research, traditions, folk art and other cultural sources. Meanwhile, the god of slavery ensnares Herod, Pilate, Heraclius, and others. Examples abound: When their host, the Roman Empire collapses, Jews look to other affluent societies for sustenance. They migrate east to Byzantine, and west to the Frankish Kingdom (and later, to all of Europe) where they feign servility, fawn on the local (Gentile) nobility, and execute the greatest fraud in European history to bring about a political world power subservient to Jewish interests, the Holy Roman Empire. Jewish authority and supremacy over this new world power is engraved in its symbol, the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire. It symbolizes the realization of the biblical kingdoms of David, Solomon and Hezekiah whose “pictures,” along with that of the Jewish prophet Isaiah, constitute the bulk of its graphic symbols (the cross is added later). A direct supposed bloodline to David is symbolized by a picture of Jesus, not as teacher of Truth, but as “a servant of circumcision” (Romans 15:8), progeny of the biblical Jewish king. Along with other engravings, such as the names of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, this symbol is irrefutable proof that the new empire is meant to be the real version of the fictitious Old Testament Jewish kingdoms, ruled by poppet kings and princes, as decreed by the Jews' arrogant god in Proverbs 8: “Power is mine... By me kings reign... By me princes rule.”

The fraud that has paralyzed the West was the 5th (8th) century hoax known as the Donation of Constantine, part of the 5th (9th) century False Decretals of Isidore, a collection of forgeries fabricated by Jewish scribes and later collected by Isidore Mercator, to appropriate Rome's power by way of deceit. Purportedly issued by Constantine I, the supposed document bestows all of Rome's power to Pope Sylvester I and his successors. The text claims that the “Donation” was Constantine's gift to the pope for curing him of leprosy. However, during the 15th century, Lorenzo Valla, Reginald Pecocke and others, working independently, proved beyond any doubt that this document was a forgery. For starters, the quoted passages from the Bible were from the Vulgate translation, which did not exist during the purported date of the document's writing. This 5th century translation was the work of Jerome, who was only born 20 years after the supposed signing of this document. Then there is the vernacular Latin style of the text which did not exist in the 4th century (classical Latin was the only style in use). Also there are references to religious rituals that did not exists in Constantine's time. Yet, despite overwhelming evidence of the fraud founded on this forgery, the West, in an apparent state of mental paralysis, continues to bow to the fraudulent powers of the Church and its Jewish directors. In substance, all laws passed in Western Europe since the 5th century (751) are invalid. This forgery becomes the “justification” for the “legitimate” removal of Constantine's legitimate heirs, the Merovingian kings, and the Church putting anyone it chooses in power, or recall at will, in what is to become the Holy Roman Empire. From this point forward, the Church exercises sweeping powers throughout Europe. Every European ruler who comes to power is crowned only under the authority of the Church. This is how rabbi Saul's successors ensnare Gentile kings and princes and gain control of Europe.

Yet, the ancient morality and Jesus' teachings persist. By the 19th century, Jewish leadership feels its grip slipping on the Gentile and becomes aggressively possessive. Karl Marx, a descendant of a long line rabbis, proposes a new strategy to maintain the Jewry's stranglehold on its hosts: erase morality from human consciousness by attacking its source, God. Packaged in a wrapper that appeals to the masses (class equality), he proposes a new world order that would ban all beliefs in divinity, and replace Man's source of morality by the god of materialism. His plan is adopted and financed by the wealthy American (capitalist[!]) Jewry (Loeb, Khon, Schiff, Rothschild, and others) during the early 20th century, and implemented by the progeny of the Russian Jewish Blank family, Vladimir Lenin, as one of the bloodiest episodes of modern history, the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.

The god of materialism has since ensnared Gentiles in much of Europe, North America and elsewhere. One of its recent high-profile victims is an otherwise descent young man who later sells his freedom for a career, former U.S. president Dwight Eisenhower. He writes in his memoirs that the smartest thing he ever did was, as a Lieutenant Colonel going nowhere, to ask Bernard Baruch for career advice (Douglas Reed writes: “Baruch was a Russian Jew... he was a financier, stock market speculator, statesman, and presidential advisor. He was the son of Simon Baruch, a German immigrant of Jewish ethnicity... and Belle Baruch, a Sephardic Jew whose ancestors came to New York in the 1800s and were in the shipping business”). Within months of soliciting Baruch's help, despite his military incompetence and lack of combat experience, Eisenhower is elevated to the highest rank in the U.S. Army in exchange for orchestrating the greatest war crimes in history and some of the gravest crimes against humanity (see also, J. Bacque, Other Losses, 1991) committed by a Gentile since Pilate. This lost soul is in no small way responsible for extinguishing over one hundred million human lives during the first half of the 20th century alone. And Baruch is pleased: “Oh boy, oh boy, what longterm prosperity we will have,“ he exclaims (1945) in anticipation of the real booty of World War II: global usury—enforced by the world's greatest military powers—known as the Bretton Woods institution (International Monetary Fund, headed [2007] by Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the son of Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jewish parents, and the World Bank, headed [2007] by Paul Wolfowitz, the son of the Polish Jewish immigrant, Jacob Wolfowitz), and “negotiated” by H. D. White, the son of Lithuanian Jewish immigrants. Later, the American Jewry appoints its puppet to presidency (1953), as decreed in Proverbs 8, and takes charge of the U.S. State Department and all federal agencies, just as the Soviet Jewry fills the Politbureau and all senior government posts with its former (Jewish) commissars. The doors to the new “promised land” open wide for the massive influx of European Jews who then fill all key positions in every sector of the U.S. economy, news media, education and entertainment. In 2007, the host of the world's largest Jewish population is the American people. The sting of the same parasite that had emasculated Babylon, Rome, Byzantine and Europe is now castrating the free-spirited American pioneer. Yet, blinded by the glare of vanity and greed in the darkness of ignorance, Gentiles fail to see such public examples as proof of their slavery. Those who do but remain silent, rather than risk their own impotent lives, are willingly condemning their own flesh and blood to live out their lives feeding new generations of parasites with their sweat, blood and tears.

Whereas the culture of materialism means a failing grade for the spiritually subjugated who support it, for its architects, it is a dead-end. The misguided simply fail as human beings and remain spiritual dwarfs. But for those who deliberately impede Man's participation in God's Creation of Mankind, a future is much less certain. The best advice for all of them is to look within and realize that their last breath will strip them of all the wealth and power they had amassed during their earthly lives. They will leave this world empty-handed and powerless, leaving behind not a memory of grandeur, but a legacy of pity and shame their children, in a different world, will have to hide in the closet. Looking within will also reveal the incompatibility of (what remains of) their own sense of human decency with their god's immorality—whose power they generate—and give them the courage to reject dead-end ideologies founded on spiritual ignorance and oppression with as much courage and resolve as the ancient Semites rejected Jeremiah's Judaism. These are the considerations architects, mercenaries and worshipers of materialism are well advised to entertain.

The Truth—whatever it may turn out to be—though crucified, beheaded, burnt, hanged, bombed and buried for thousands of years, is sprouting everywhere. Studies such as this are coming out by the hundreds: old taboos are openly debated, “history” is questioned, self-censoring (Political Correctness) is rejected in the universities. And just as in Jesus' time, the high-priests of Judaism are in a state of panic, so one can expect the same unchained violence against advocates of the Light as in Jesus' time—and many times before and since. And yet, Man, encouraged by the Father to seek the Truth, guided by the Son who shows him where to look, and (spiritually) protected by the Mother along the way, is seeking and sharing knowledge about his Creator at an unprecedented rate. For every man realizes on his death bed—if not before—that earthly life is fleeting and beliefs founded on lies are delusions.

Every man's calling

There are as many views on the purpose of life as there are people. That view, however, is largely governed by one's culture. People raised in the Magus Faith believe that every man's purpose is to “create” himself during the "school semester" he calls lifetime. They note that some take advantage of the opportunity to learn and advance, some waste it and fail, and some abuse it and get expelled. Their beliefs exclude such ideologies as fear of wrathful, jealous, vindictive gods, morbid self-punishment and needless (self)mortification to appease gods who enjoy watching mortals deny their divine origin and human dignity as they “suffer for their sins.” Such notions are alien to not only people of the Light, they are repulsive to all men with any sense of human decency. Even the apathetic find such beliefs absurd and illogical. To the followers of the Light, wrongdoings are the misdeeds of people stumbling in the dark, in ignorance of the divine plan; and misconduct should be corrected by sharing knowledge with the ignorant. Mistakes are experience to learn from, and restitutions take the form of compensation to the injured party, rather than “sacrifices” to some spectator god. Their thinking is that, whenever possible, remedial action should be constructive and progressive. If the loss cannot be undone, then the errant party is responsible for restoring his victim's chances for life to those he had enjoyed before his loss. For example, the earliest known Civil Code, the Sumerian (2100 BC) Code of Ur-nammu stipulates:

"If a man knocks out a tooth of another, he shall pay him compensation" (Article19).

In contrast, Judaism's “tooth-for-tooth” vengeance-ideology is destructive and regressive. This ideology, enshrined in the Hebrew Code of Hammurabi (1760 BC), stipulates:

“If a man knock out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out” (Article 200).

This law reduces the errant party's chances for life to those of his victim and enshrines the righteousness of cruelty and vengeance. It is self-evident that Ur-nammu's Sumerian justice serves its people, whereas Hammurabi's Hebrew laws serve his own vengeance-ideology at the expense of the people.

In the culture of the Light, magi are healers, educators and leaders. They do not promote themselves as dispensers of tickets to Heaven or exorcists of demons. They dedicate their lives to healing the sick, and to freely sharing knowledge of the cosmos, and wisdom from their interpretations of the “Heavens.” It is the magi who later raise the greatest Greek philosophers and most of their scientists, not with colonizing zeal, but unselfishly, serving the elevation of Mankind (Grandpierre). Nations choose their kings from among the magi to take charge of their physical and spiritual health needs, education and welfare (The biblical magi who came to Jesus' cradle “from the East” are variably called kings). The magi view humanity as equal sparks of divine Light in every newborn, souls to encourage to seek self-fulfillment in spiritual growth through knowledge, love of Mankind, noble achievements, and a healthy diet of work and play, sobriety and laughter. They believe that Man's progress is determined by his contribution to humanity, and that his happiness stems not from his ranking in the social pecking-order but from awareness of his contribution, the knowledge that he had made a positive difference in Mankind's progress towards its maturity. This knowledge, they believe, will also give Man peace and contentment when he is called upon to shed the straitjacket of material existence and return to the Light whence he came, a realm he cannot imagine but which, they believe, will feel like “home.”

Magus wisdom teaches that the purpose of life is to be a part of God's Creation rather than try to have a piece of it. But not everyone agrees. Some believe the purpose of life is to have. In ignorance of the divine plan, or by simply rejecting it as unprofitable, these misguided souls feed off the efforts of producers rather than become one of them. With time, these parasites become dependent on their hosts and, once they realize their dependency, become aggressively possessive. As their fear of losing their source of sustenance escalates, they progressively increase their stranglehold until their fear consumes their existence. If an outsider tries to free their host from their grip by educating him, their fear turns to panic. They react to the insult on their sense of security with unchained vengeance in the hope that unrestrained violence will prevent future insults. When the short-term ecstasy of revenge dissipates and fear returns, they repeat their aggression, over and over, increasing their level of violence with each step, hoping that the higher “dosage” will produce lasting fear-relief, until they become addicted to “payback” as well, the pursuit of the Old Testament “eye-for-eye” vengeance-ideology. It was this unquenchable thirst for revange born out of fear that drove Caiaphas and company to torture Jesus to death with such savagery. All because they thought life was about having rather than being.

Just as aborigines worldwide have no concept of land ownership, the Sumerians did not “own” land before Hammurabi's Hebrew despotism, and Hungarians do not even have a word equivalent for the verb have. Both examples are acknowledgments of a universal truth: All matter and power known to Man exist, has existed and continue to exist independent of any claims of ownership by transients who may come in contact with them for a time. Perhaps this is the truth Jesus is trying to make us understand and adopt when he tells us to get rid of our earthly possessions; to be a part of God's Creation rather than try to have a piece of it. Is a man's claim of ownership of the Universe, even in part, any less absurd than a moth claiming ownership of the porch light? These ought to be the objects of meditation for those searching for the purpose of life.

To be a part of God's Creation, Jesus encourages us to seek the Truth. This advice makes sense only if we view Man's calling as do Nib-Ur's (Nimrod) peoples. They believe that every man's calling is to create himself, to bring into being a mature element of humanity using his intellect and knowledge. He is born with his intellect but must acquire knowledge by seeking the Truth.

People of the Light believe that God offers every man a chance to participate, at the individual level, in God's progressive creation of Mankind or, to paraphrase the young poet, Petőfi, to become a ray of sunshine that ripens the Earth as it ripens the grape on the vine. 



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Condensed (approximate) time line of some major events in the early history of the people of the Light

9000 BC - Early Neolithic Magyars are established in today's Hungary, and expand as the ice retreats. They become also known as Caucasians, Huns and Scythians. By the 8th mil. BC, they are an agricultural society. They pray to their Heavenly Mother in Tatárlaka, Hungary in 7500 BC, and build churches in her honor (6th mil. BC). They spread east toward India, China and beyond, south to North Africa as far as the Cataracts of the Nile, and west to the shores of the Mediterranean and to Western Europe where they become known as Celts, bringing their civilization: beliefs, laws, knowledge and written language. Scythians of the Near East emerge after the Flood, and build canals to drain the marshes of Mesopotamia where they settle. The Neolithic revolution in the Fertile Crescent results in a demographic and economic growth that lays the foundations of the “Sumerian” civilization. Their culture also reaches the Americas where it is known as the Maya civilization.

2500 BC - First appearance of nomadic Semitic tribes in Mesopotamia. The Sumerian civilization exerts a dominant influence upon the development of early Semitic cultures. Ancient Semites worship the Queen of Heaven.

2300 BC - The Semite Sargon imposes his hegemony on parts of Sumer. Mesopotamia is devastated by wars; the population is decimated. Semite immigrants of Mesopotamia conceive and worship their new god, Ea.

2000 BC - Sumerians and their allies overthrow the Hebrew so-called Agade hegemony, liberating themselves from foreign oppression. Gudea teaches neighborly love, and calls bread “Body of God.”

1700 BC - Hebrew Babylonians impose their hegemony on parts of Mesopotamia and introduce such alien concepts as land ownership and righteous cruelty. Sumerians rule over Southern Mesopotamia from 1860 to 1492 BC.

1100 BC - The Kassite-Scythians of today's Western Iran overthrow the Hebrew Babylonian hegemony and establish their rule over Northern Mesopotamia.

700 BC - Hebrew Assyrians impose their hegemony over the Near East after centuries of warfare. The ensuing devastation, decimation, deportations and oppression alter the ethnic composition of the Near East as the Semitic element increases and the non-Semitic people dwindle.

600 BC - Mede and Chaldean-Scythians annihilate the Assyrian Empire. Later, a political power known as the Persians conquers Mesopotamia and much of the Near East. Mede and Chaldean magi teach the early Greek thinkers (Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and others).

256 BC - The Parthian Empire, a political alliance of non-Semitic peoples regains control of the land between Palestine and India, and stops the eastward expansion of the later Roman Empire.

200 BC - The Hun Empire reaches its greatest extent, from Siberia to Parthia, the Baltic, the Roman Republic, to Gaul.

53 BC - The Parthians retake much of Canaan (Palestine). Herod flees to Rome but later recaptures Judea.

6 BC - Jesus is born in Bethlehem, Galilee. Magi travel from Sippar, Mesopotamia to greet the “Son of Light.”

27 - Jesus teaches neighborly love and the Truth. He is killed but resurrects. Rabbi Saul purges Jesus' followers.

226 - The Sassanids overthrow the Parthian Empire (The Parthians briefly regain power—272-326). The defeated Parthian-Scythians begin a migration north to their kin, the Huns of the Carpathian Basin and the Caucasus.

5th c. - The Huns repell the Moors, defeat the Goths and the Romans, and Atilla imposes taxes on the Romans, setting in motion the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. Jews begin their migration east to Byzantine, and west to Western Europe. Scythians of Parthia continue to migrate north to the Carpathian Basin. Byzantine's attempt to convert the Huns to Judeo-Christianity fails after the Huns rebel against the Judeo-Christian missionaries' destruction of the Huns' religious symbols.

6-20th c. - Reinforced by waves of their kindred, refugees from Mesopotamia, join the Magyar-Hun confederacy in the Carpathian Basin the West calls the “Avars.” The Holy Roman Empire is born in Western Europe. Jews migrate with the Holy Roman Empire and, along with Sephardic Jews ousted from Spain, appropriate the Ashkenaz(im) name. They spread to all of Europe, including Hungary. The Magyar nations east of the Carpathians under the leadership of Árpád reinforce the Magyars (Hun, Székely, “Avar”) of the Carpathian Basin and launch a series of military campaigns in Europe to recover their religious treasures pillaged by marauding Germanic tribes, and to foil German plans to invade Hungary. The rightful heir to the Árpád dynasty is killed following a conspiracy with the Holy Roman Empire. A succession of Hungarian kings and their heirs die young under mysterious circumstances. Hungarians are forced to convert to Judeo-Christianity during a 400-year purge of the Magus Faith. The Inquisition tortures and executes the magi and destroys their writings. A foreign feudal class rules their land. Hungary is truncated to 1/3 its size in 1920.

2008 - Hungary, last custodian of the Jesus Faith is being overrun by a massive influx of Jews sponsored by a puppet government—installed by a Tel Aviv-based agency and kept in power by riot police—while Magyars of the Carpathian Basin are denied Hungarian citizenship. And yet she lives on... in testimony of the Light

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The Scythian, part 1
The Scythian, part 2
The Scythian, part 3
The Scythian, part 4
The Scythian, part 5
The Scythian, part 6

Complete study .PDF file